Labour force (until 2019 - economically active population)
the population of both sexes aged 15 and over, who have been contributing to labour supply in the labour market for a survey week.
The labour force is the sum of the employed and unemployed.
Labour force participation rate
(until 2019 - economic activity rate)
is defined as a ratio (in percentage) of the number of labour force aged 15 and over to the total population of specified age, or population of the corresponding socio-demographic group.
- people aged 15 and older are classified as employed if:
during the survey reference week worked at least 1 hour as a paid employee (in cash or in-kind) directly performing the work, or in own family-run businesses.
worked for free at an enterprise, in a business owned by a related member of the same household, or owned farm in order to sell products produced as a result of this activity were temporarily absent, i.e. formally had a job, own enterprise/affair, but were not at work during the survey period due to certain reasons.
is defined as a ratio (in percentage) of the number of employed people aged 15 and over to the total population of specified age, or population of the corresponding socio-demographic group.
- people aged 15 and over who meet the following three conditions:
they did not work (gainful employment)
were actively searching for a job or took concrete action to start their own
business in the prior 4 weeks
were available to start work within the next two weeks i.e. started working as an employed person or work on own enterprise in order to get payment or income.
The unemployed also include people who start working in the next two weeks; found a job, waiting for answers, etc.
is defined as ratio (in percentage) of the number of unemployed people aged 15 and over to the Labour Force of specified age, or population of the corresponding socio-demographic group.
Persons outside the labour force
are people aged 15 and over, who during the survey reference week cannot be classified as 'employed' or 'unemployed'.
This category by the level of connection with the labour market can be classified as follows:
-are seeking work but are not ready to proceed to it (available for work) in the next 2 weeks
(because of illness; studying; domestic obligations; other);
-are willing to work and available for work, but not seeking a work (discouraged to find work, did not know where and how to find work, people who believe that there is no suitable work, etc.).
-do not want to work because they do not need it (pensioners; daytime students (pupils);
persons who perform domestic duties, caring for children or ill family member, dependents, etc.)
People of working age
in the framework of the labour force till 2012 included women aged 15-54 and men aged 15-59. In accordance with the Law of Ukraine on Measures for Legislative Support of the Pension System Reform, the population of working age starting from 2012 includes women aged 55, since 2013 - women aged 56, since 2014 - women aged 57, and since 2015 - women aged 58, and since 2016 - women aged 59.
Average monthly nominal wage
is amounts credited to employees in money and in kind for the time worked or the work performed: wage rates (position salary), bonuses, fringe benefits, allowances, as well as other types of payment for the time not worked. It includes mandatory deductions from employees’ salaries: personal income tax and military fee.
Nominal wage does not include: monetary provision of regular military and persons in the rank and file and commanding officers, payments made at the expense of the state social insurance fund for temporary disability, payment for the first five days of temporary disability at the expense of the enterprise, as well as the amount of social security tax paid by the employer to the compulsory state social insurance.
It is calculated by dividing the accrued salary fund of the staff for the reporting month (period) by the average number of regular staff and the number of months in the period.
Real wage index
characterizes a change in the nominal wage purchasing power in the reporting period compared with the basic one under the influence of changes in prices for consumer goods and services, and rates of personal income tax and compulsory deductions. It is determined by dividing the index of the accrued nominal wage (excluding personal income tax and military fee deducted from the employee’s salary) by the consumer price index for the same period.
Long-term unemployment rate
indicates the percentage of people unemployed for 12 months or longer over total unemployment.
Job vacancy rate
The job vacancy rate measures the proportion of total posts that are vacant, according to the definition of job vacancy above, expressed as a percentage as follows: Eurostat publishes quarterly and annual data on job vacancies.
labour supply is defined as the number of workers willing and able to work in a particular job or industry at a given wage rate
is a position within a enterprise not filled by a current employee